Rights and Duties of Employees & Employers, Confidentiality in the Workplace, and Conflict Resolutio

Rights and Duties of Employees & Employers, Confidentiality in the Workplace, and Conflict Resolution

Republic Act No. 110581 is an Act Strengthening Compliance with Occupational Safety and Health Standards and providing penalties for Violations Thereof. Its Section 1 tells that “The State affirms labor as a primary social and economic force, and that a safe and healthy workforce is integral part. The State shall ensure a safe and healthful workforce for all working people by affording them a full protection against all hazards in their work environment.

Chapter III Section 4 of this R.A 110581 states the Duties and Rights of Employers, Workers and Other Persons.

Every employer, contractor or subcontractor, if any, and any person who manages, controls, or supervises the work being undertaken shall:
Duties of Employers
1. Furnish the workers a place of employment free from hazardous conditions that are causing or are likely to cause death, illness r physical harm to the workers.
2. Give complete job safety instructions or orientation to all the workers especially to those entering the job for the first time.
3. Inform the workers of the hazard associated with their work, health risks involved or to which they are exposed to.
4. Use only approved devices and equipment for the workplace.
5. Comply with OSH Standards including training, medical examination and where necessary provision of protective and safety devices such as personal protective equipment (PPE) and machine guards
6. Allow workers and their safety and health representatives to participate actively in the process of organizing, planning, implementing and evaluating the safety and health program.
7. Provide where necessary, for measure to deal with emergencies and accidents including first aid arrangements.

Section 5 – 8: Workers’ Rights
Workers’ Rights
1. Workers’ Right To Know
2. Workers’ Right to Refuse Unsafe Work
3. The Right to Report Accidents
4. Workers’ Right to Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Confidentiality has both casual and legal definitions.
Casual Definition of Confidentiality
If you repeat confidential statements made by co-workers, even if the original source doesn’t hear about your gossip, the people you tell might lose respect for you and no longer trust you. If you gossip with customers, they might tell your competitors, who will be less likely to hire you in the future.

What is The Data Privacy Act of the Philippines?
The Data Privacy Act (DPA), or Republic Act No. 10173 was passed by the Philippines Congress in 2012 and finally implemented five years later in 2016. RA 10173 assures the “free flow of information to promote innovation and growth” (Republic Act. No. 10173, Ch. 1, Sec. 2) while protecting the users’ fundamental rights to privacy.

How is it implemented?
RA 10173 protects and maintains the right of customers to confidentiality by setting a legal list of rules for companies to regulate the collection, handling, and disposal of all personal information.
Companies legally responsible for keeping their customers’ data protected from third parties or any form of misuse, internally or externally.

What is “personal information?”
“‘Personal information’” refers to any information, whether recorded in a material form or not, from which the identity of an individual is apparent or can be reasonably and directly ascertained by the entity holding the information, or when put together with other information would directly and certainly identify an individual” (Republic Act. No. 10173, Ch. 1, Sec. 3).

What is “sensitive personal information?”
(1) About an individual’s race, ethnic origin, marital status, age, color, and religious, philosophical or political affiliations;
(2) About an individual’s health, education, genetic or sexual life of a person, or to any proceeding for any offense committed or alleged to have been committed by such person, the disposal of such proceedings, or the sentence of any court in such proceedings;
(3) Issued by government agencies peculiar to an individual who includes, but not limited to, social security numbers, previous or cm-rent health records, licenses or its denials, suspension or revocation, and tax returns.

Conflict is a state of incompatibility of ideas between two or more parties or individuals. It is also a natural disagreement resulting from individuals or groups that differ in attitudes, beliefs, values or needs.

Conflict Resolution Techniques
1. Listen then speak out.
2. Gather the group.
3. Be impartial.
4. Do not postpone conflicts resolution.
5. Promote teamwork.
6. Broadcast praises.

How will the conflict be prevented?
1. Being open.
2. Maintain clear communication.
3. Encourage different points of view and evaluate each fairly.
4. Demonstrate respect for team members rather than resorting to blame game.
5. Keep team issues within the team
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