Employing 16 year olds


Under the Colorado Youth Employment Opportunity Act CYEOA , a minor is defined as any person under the age of eighteen, except a person who has received a high school diploma or a passing score on the general educational development examination. The state board of education may administer the general educational development examination to any minor seventeen years of age or older who wishes to be considered an adult for the purpose of this article if such person is qualified to take the examination under the standards established by the state board of education. The FLSA is a federal law and its regulations do not permit the employment of minors in a variety of circumstances. The Colorado Division of Labor Standards and Statistics is a state agency that enforces provisions of the CYEOA and cannot intervene or assist in matters involving the application and interpretation of federal laws.



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State Agency Directory Online Services. Does the state of West Virginia require minors under the age of eighteen to obtain a permit of any kind to run errands, babysit, or mow grass for a neighbor? Not unless the neighbor is acting in the capacity of an employer and is hiring the minor as an actual employee of their business. Such casual work outside of an employment relationship is not covered by state child labor laws.

As a business owner, may I employ my own child without having to obtain a work permit? A parent or legal guardian may hire his or her own children to work for his or her solely owned business at any age without having to obtain a work permit in this state.

However, should there be additional owners such as partners, corporate officers, or limited liability members involved, the exemption for obtaining a work permit would no longer apply. What is the minimum age that a child may go to work?

Fourteen is the minimum age that a minor may be legally employed unless that minor is working for a business solely owned by a parent or guardian, or the type of work being performed is not covered by state child labor laws.

Some examples of work that is not covered include agriculture and horticulture occupations that have not been declared hazardous by the United States Department of Labor, domestic services performed within the residence of the employer, acting, work relating to television, radio and other theatrical work, and the delivery of newspapers. What types of permits are required in West Virginia before a minor may accept employment?

Fourteen and fifteen year olds must obtain a work permit before accepting any type of gainful employment in West Virginia. Age certificates are only required by law when related to junior volunteer firefighting activities but may be required by employers as proof of age for sixteen and seventeen year olds. How does a minor start the process of obtaining a work permit or certificate?

All work permits and age certificates are processed and issued by the Board of Education in the county where the minor child resides. If not, the minor should contact the Board of Education in the county in which he or she resides to obtain forms and start the process. Do age certificates have the same requirements as work permits? Except for situations involving volunteer firefighting activities, age certificates are only issued when required by the employer.

A work permit, however, is required before a fourteen or fifteen year old may be legally employed and requires the promise of a job, parental consent, verification the minor is attending school, and proof of age.

How do I obtain an application for a work permit or age certificate? For work permits, Sections A, B, and C of the form are to be completed by the employer, parent, and school registrar. Once that information is obtained, the minor takes the completed form, along with proof of age, to someone authorized to issue work permits. Once the form is reviewed by an issuing officer and approved, that individual will complete Section D and issue the work permit using the same form. The same applies to age certificates.

The form is completed by the prospective employer and the minor. Once completed, the minor takes the completed form, along with proof of age, to someone authorized to issue age certificates. Once reviewed and approved, that individual will issue the age certificate using the same form. Are there different requirements for minors that live out-of-state?

West Virginia child labor laws apply the same to all minors working in this state, regardless of where they reside. That includes the requirement of having the work permit or age certificate issued by the superintendent of schools in the county in which the minor resides. Those minors that live out-of-state are required to take a completed West Virginia work permit or age certificate form to the superintendent of schools in their home state and county for issuance.

Should that request be denied, the minor will not be eligible to work in West Virginia until the minor reaches the age where a work permit or age certificate is no longer required. Does a minor have to be attending school to accept employment? Unless already graduated from high school, fourteen and fifteen year olds must be attending school or be enrolled in a home school program in order to obtain a work permit.

Sixteen and seventeen year olds do not have to be attending school to obtain an age certificate. Are there limitations concerning the type of work that a minor may be employed to perform? There are many limitations concerning the type of work that can be performed by minors under the age of eighteen. While the majority relate to fourteen and fifteen year olds, certain restrictions apply to sixteen and seventeen year olds as well. For those occupations that are permissible for fourteen and fifteen year olds, it is easier to consider the occupations that are permissible than to look for those occupations that are not permitted.

The United States Department of Labor has established seventeen occupations that are considered hazardous for all minors under the age of eighteen.

What are the hours a minor is permitted to work? Sixteen and seventeen year olds are permitted to work the same hours as an adult. There are no restrictions. The permissible hours of work for fourteen and fifteen year olds are outlined as follows:. Is there a process to request permission for a fourteen or fifteen year old to work past pm during the school term or after pm during the summer when school is not in session?

No, as the permissible hours of work for this age group are the same under both state and federal law, the Commissioner of the West Virginia Division of Labor will no longer issue a supervision permit allowing minors to work later hours.

Do homeschooled children have to follow the same guidelines for obtaining employment as those that attend public or private school? Yes, home schooled children are required to follow the same requirements as any other minor that chooses to accept employment. That includes obtaining the necessary permits, working age appropriate hours, and avoiding hazardous occupations.

Home schooled children may obtain a work permit or age certificate from the superintendent of schools in the county in which he or she resides. If a fourteen or fifteen year old has already graduated from high school or its equivalent, do state child labor laws still apply? Fourteen and fifteen year olds that have graduated from high school are not required to obtain a work permit or adhere to the standards relating to hours of work for this age group.

However, hazardous occupation restrictions will still apply. May a minor child work as a lifeguard or be employed to give swimming lessons? Yes, fifteen year olds may be employed as life guards when properly trained and certified in aquatics and water safety by the American Red Cross or a similar certifying organization.

For the purpose of giving swimming lessons, the minor must obtain additional certification as a swimming instructor. Fourteen year olds may not serve as either a lifeguard or swimming instructor in any capacity.

See Child Labor Fact Sheet 3. Sixteen and seventeen year olds may register as a junior volunteer fireman after meeting the following conditions. He or she must first complete the minimum training requirements of the WVU Fire Service Extension Firefighter Training Section One or its equivalent , obtain the written consent of his or her parent or guardian to perform such duties, and obtain an age certificate from the superintendent of schools in the county where he or she resides.

See Child Labor Fact Sheet 7. Are there any occupations that are exempt from West Virginia child labor requirements? Casual work performed outside of an employment relationship such as babysitting, running errands, etc. Work defined as agricultural or horticultural.

The delivering of newspapers. Acting or theatrical work for TV or radio. Domestic employment performed in the home of the employer.

Work performed for a business solely owned by a parent or guardian. Although these occupations are generally exempt, federal child labor hazardous occupation restrictions may still apply. If a minor child resides in West Virginia and wishes to work in another state, what requirements apply?

In order for state child labor laws to apply, the minor must actually work in West Virginia. Should a minor child residing in West Virginia seek employment outside of West Virginia, the child labor laws that apply in the state where the minor will be working will apply.



Employment (part-time work)

There is no minimum age of employment in entertainment or advertising, however there are some particular requirements depending on the child's age:. The hours of work allowable are dependent on the age of the child — see Table A and B below for details. Table A shows the number of hours children can work in the entertainment and advertising industries, such as:. Table B below shows the number of hours children can work in entertainment industries that include live entertainment, such as:. Download and read the documents below to find out the full details about the number of hours children are able to work in the entertainment industry:. Under the Child Employment Act , children can be employed for a maximum of 3 hours per day and 12 hours per week during school term and a maximum of 6 hours per day and 30 hours per week during school holidays. These hours are inclusive of rest breaks.

Does my employment agreement have to be in writing? 16 or 17 years old and yet to complete six months' employment with your current employer; or.

Employment of Minors (Work Permit) - Employment Standards Service (ESS)

How can we make this page better for you? Work Hour Limitations for Youths Rules for and year-olds These youth may be employed: No more than three hours a day when school is in session for the youth and no more than eight hours a day if school is not in session. Only between 7 a. A maximum of 18 hours per week when school is in session or 40 hours per week when school is not in session. Only outside school hours. A minute break is required after any period of five consecutive hours of work. Rules for and year-olds During the school term, youth who are enrolled in grades 12 or lower cannot be employed between 11 p. Youths years of age: Work may be performed in retail businesses, food service establishments, service stations and offices of other businesses. Work is not permitted in manufacturing, mining, on construction sites, with power-driven machinery, on the premise of a business holding an ABC permit for the on-premises sale or consumption of alcoholic beverages, or in hazardous or detrimental occupations. Share this page: Facebook Twitter.


Child employment

employing 16 year olds

The purpose of the law is to protect the health and welfare of minors in the workplace and safeguard their education. The Florida Department of Business and Professional Regulation site provides access to the following components:. Employers If you employ minors between the ages of 14 and 17, this section contains required documents, posters, breaks, and work hour limitations. Entertainment Industry There are special limitations for minors employed in the Entertainment Industry.

The Protection of Young Persons Employment Act defines a child as "a person who is under 16 years of age or the school-leaving age, whichever is the higher" ; and defines a young person as "a person who has reached 16 years of age or the school-leaving age whichever is higher but is less than 18 years of age". In general, the Act prohibits the employment of children under 16 years.

Employment rights for young people

The general rule is that a young person under school leaving age 16 can get a part-time job from the age of This means that they cannot do any job that may affect their health and safety or interfere with their education. In certain circumstances young persons under the age of 14 can also work. However, this will often depend on the particular by-laws of the Local Authority where they live so you should check the policies on this with your local council. Young people can start full-time employment as soon as they leave school, which is on the last Friday in June of the year that they turn 16 years old.


Employing under 18s

If you're under 18 and thinking of getting a job or are already working, there are certain restrictions on what work you can do, where you can do it and for how long each week. Once you reach the age of 13, you can do light work. This means that you can't do any job that may affect your health and safety or interfere with your education. You can, for example, do a paper round. When you're 14, you can be employed in a wide range of jobs, but there are still some that you're not allowed to do. For example, you can't work in a factory or on a building site.

In order to employ a child under 16, the employer must obtain a work permit from the Sixteen and seventeen year-old children do not need a work permit.

We are now accepting work permits and performance licences, however we will require in-depth COVID risk assessments. If you want to employ a young person between the age of 13 and 16, you must register with the council. Before you apply for a child employment licence, you will also need the child's parent or carer to fill in a consent form.


The rules and process for hiring young people changed on October 15, If a child was hired by an employer before October 15, and their employment duties are not changing, the employer may not need a permit if either of the following conditions apply:. A parent or guardian needs to provide written permission for their child to work, and the employer must keep a record of the written consent. There are different requirements for hiring young people depending on the age of the child. Employers intending to hire children under 16 need to apply for a child employment permit if the child will be performing any tasks listed in not light work. Not light work.

The employment of and year-old children who have not reached school leaving age is restricted by the Children and Young Persons Act

Minimum standards such as general holidays, vacations, minimum wage and termination apply to all employees regardless of age. Young people who are 13, 14, or 15 years of age need to complete a Young Worker Readiness Certificate Course before they can begin working, and there are rules that restrict their hours of employment and the types of work they can perform. Employer: Before young people are allowed to start work, they must complete the Young Worker Readiness Certificate Course. Young people: You must take the Young Worker Readiness Certificate Course to understand your rights and responsibilities in an employment relationship. When you have successfully completed the course and received your Certificate of Completion, you can begin working as long as your parent has given signed consent.

With the shortage of candidates available for hire, especially in the hospitality industry, many employers are having to expand their pool of qualified candidates to include minors. There are, however, special rules and regulations that employers must follow if planning to hire minors. Below is an overview of what employers need to know when it comes to hiring minors in California:. School Attendance Requirements.


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